Nebuchadnezzar IV

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Statue of Nebuchadnezzar IV

Nebuchadnezzar IV (/ˌnɛbjʊkədˈnɛzər/) (fl. 520s BC), also known as Arakha, was a self-proclaimed King of Babylon.[1] Arakha was an Armenian who was the son of Haldita. However, he claimed to be the son of the previous king of Babylon, Nabonidus, and renamed himself Nebuchadnezzar IV. His rebellion against the Persian king, Darius I, which commenced around 522 BC, was short-lived and by 520 BC it had been suppressed by Intaphrenes, Darius's bow carrier.


In 522 BC, with the disturbances that occurred after the death of Cambyses II and the proclamation of Bardiya as King, the Armenians revolted. Darius I sent an Armenian named Dâdarši to end the revolt, later replacing him with the Persian Vaumisa who defeated the Armenians in 521 BC. Around the same time, another Armenian named Arakha (meaning 'crown prince' in Armenian) claimed to be the son of the previous king of Babylon, Nabonidus, and renamed himself Nebuchadnezzar IV. His rebellion was short-lived and was suppressed by Intaphrenes, Darius's bow carrier.

According to Herodotus, [2] Intaphrenes was one of the seven who helped Darius I usurp the throne from Bardiya, who had usurped the throne from Cambyses II, for seven months in 522 BCE. Although that fact has come up for debate in recent years. Intaphrenes was also immediately put to death after the insurrection for trying to enter the King's palace while he was lying with his wife. [3] During the siege of Babylon, [4] Zopyros, son of Megabyzos (who had been one of the seven usurpers [2]), mutilated himself to gain the trust of the Babylonians and gained entrance to the near impenetrable fortress.

After a period of time, Zopyros had earned their trust so much that he was entrusted with the keys to all the gates. When that day arrived, Zopyros opened the gates and let the Persian king, Darius, and his forces in and victory was assured. As to whether or not Zopyros was his bow carrier, there is no mention. However, the name Intaphrenes was never mentioned again by Herodotus after Intaphrenes's death, [3] nor any other Intaphrenes.

The siege started soon after Darius I's accession to the throne in 521 BC and lasted more than a year and seven months, [5] bringing the siege to an end in the year 520 BC.

See also


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External links

Preceded by
Nebuchadnezzar III
King of Babylon
521 BC
Succeeded by
Office abolished
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  1. Ancient Nebuchadnezzar IV
  2. 2.0 2.1 Herodotus III, 70
  3. 3.0 3.1 Herodotus III, 118
  4. Herodutus III 152-160
  5. Herodotus III, 152