Sharafiya

From ChaldeanWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Sharafiya
ܫܪܦܝܐ
Sharafeya-village.jpg
Sharafiya is located in Iraq
Sharafiya
Sharafiya

Coordinates: 36°41′20″N 43°5′46″E / 36.68889°N 43.09611°E / 36.68889; 43.09611Coordinates: 36°41′20″N 43°5′46″E / 36.68889°N 43.09611°E / 36.68889; 43.09611{{#coordinates:36|41|20|N|43|5|46|E|region:IQ-NI_type:city(1000) |primary |name=

}}
Country  Iraq
Governorate Ninawa
Population
 • Total 1,000
Time zone GMT +3

Sharafiya (Syriac:ܫܪܦܝܐ) is an Chaldean village located in Chaldea, northern Iraq. The village is located about 40 Kilometers north of the city of Mosul, and is on the main road that connects Mosul to the largest Chaldean town, Alqosh (Sharafiya is only 5 kilometers south of Alqosh).

The village rests on a plateau that is penetrated by small valleys, and is known for its seasonal crop growing such as wheat, grains and vegetables. The region also is fertile for growing cattle, sheep, goats and domesticated birds (chicken and turkey). The widespread profession of the region’s population is agriculture and growing up domesticated animals, which forms a reasonable source of income.

Population

The population of Sharafiya consists of Chaldeans. They migrated from their original inhabitancy of Hakkari, southern Turkey, during the Chaldean Genocide. They dwelled in the village since early twenties of the 20th century and are followers of the Ancient Church of the East. There are a few families who belong to the Chaldean Catholic Church. There are two churches in the village: a Chaldean Catholic church and an Ancient Church of the East named Mar Gewargis (St. George).

Location

Sharafiya and its surrounding lands are owned by the Church of Alqosh which is known as convent of the Lady (St. Mary Monastery) in Alqosh. The former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein visited the village in the mid 1980s and was astonished of the cleanliness of its residents and their adherence to their village. Upon his learning that they were unable to build new houses because the land was in the possession of the convent of the Lady in Alqosh, he ordered that each family to own a piece of land and assist them in building new houses. The fertile lands that were used for cultivation were, however, kept in the possession of the Church.

There is an elementary school in the village attended by 62 students of both genders. The high school students who are numbered some 50 boys and girls attend school in Alqosh. There are 17 college students who attend University of Mosul. As of 2006, there are 90 families living in Sharafiya, totaling 450 people.

There are other Chaldean villages to the east and south of Sharafiya: Tel Isqof which is an Chaldean village, is 9 Kilometers south of Sharafiya. There are also Yezidis villages nearby such as Beban, Shekhka, Hatara, and Badriya.